Treatment and prevention of trichomoniasis

Once trichomoniasis is diagnosed, it is usually an easy infection to treat. There have been cases of trichomoniasis reported which are treatment resistant but fortunately these cases are rare. Once trichomoniasis has been successfully treated a person is not immune to the infection and it is possible to acquire the infection repeatedly. This increases ones chances of developing resistant trichomoniasis.

    antibiotics

    Antibiotics

  • Antibiotics
  • Trichomoniasis is treated with antibiotic medication. Usually a high dose taken immediately by mouth is all that is needed. Sometimes the antibiotic may be prescribed in lower dosages for one week. The antibiotic usually used is called Metronidazole.

    Metronidazole use during pregnancy should not cause any harm to the unborn baby but if possible its use should be avoided as its effects on organ development in the human foetus is unknown. Treatment with Metronidazole is considered to be 85 – 95% effective in treating trichomoniasis.

    It is important not to drink any alcohol within 24 hours of taking metronidazole because the combination may cause unwanted side effects. Side effects may occur even from drinking a small amount of alcohol. These side effects include heart palpitations, nausea and vomiting.

  • Pain Relief and Anti-inflammatory treatment
  • Symptomatic relief for pain and inflammation may be achieved with oral analgesic and anti-inflammatory treatment like Ibuprofen and Diclofenac.

  • Abstinence
  • Avoid sexual contact until symptoms resolve with treatment. Sexual contact may worsen any symptoms which are present.

  • Notify sexual partners
  • All sexual partners should be notified, tested and treated if a person is diagnosed with trichomoniasis. It is possible to acquire the infection again from an untreated sexual partner even after effective treatment.

    Tea tree oil

    Tea tree oil

  • Natural Remedies for trichomoniasis
  • Tea Tree oil applied to the affected areas may relieve inflammation and it also acts as an antiseptic agent. Women may benefit from inserting a peeled garlic clove into the vagina. This has been shown to clear up trichomoniasis infection. Drinking cranberry juice, ingesting turmeric and avoiding carbohydrates with a high sugar content all have the possibility of clearing up trichomoniasis infection. Although some natural remedies have been shown to be effective in some people it is still wise to see a medical professional before attempting any natural remedies.

Prevention of trichomoniasis

  • Abstinence
  • Abstinence, which means avoiding all forms of intimate sexual intercourse is the only fail-proof way to prevent trichomoniasis.

    Condom use

    Condom use

  • Condom use
  • Using condoms does decrease the risk of contracting trichomoniasis but it is still possible to contract the infection even when using a condom.

  • Stable relationship with one partner
  • Being in a stable and trusting relationship with one partner lowers the risk of contracting trichomoniasis. Having multiple sexual partners will increase the risk of contracting trichomoniasis.

  • Don’t share sex toys
  • Sex toys should not be shared as trichomoniasis and other sexually transmitted diseases may be contracted from sharing sex toys.

  • Don’t share used towels
  • Although the spread of trichomoniasis through used wet towels is rare, it is better to avoid sharing towels with somebody that might be infected with the parasite.