Symptoms and signs of trichomoniasis

symptoms of trichomoniasis

Symptoms of trichomoniasis: urethral irritation, dysuria, discharge, dyspareunia, genital inflammation

In men who have trichomoniasis the most common part of the body to become infected is the urethra. The urethra is the tube inside the penis through which urine and semen pass. Women may experience symptoms and signs from infection of the vulva, vagina or urethra. Symptoms usually develop within a month of sexual contact with an infected individual. It is possible for the symptoms to only develop much later. It is uncommon for trichomonas vaginalis to infect any other parts of the human body.

It is not known why trichomonas vaginalis causes symptoms in some people and not in others. It might be linked to age, immunity and general health. It is still possible for a healthy individual to develop symptoms of trichomoniasis.

The following are possible symptoms and signs of trichomoniasis:

  • Asymptomatic
  • Most people who are infected with the Trichomonas parasite are asymptomatic which means they don’t experience any symptoms. About 70% of people with the parasite do not experience any symptoms or signs. Often the male partner is asymptomatic, and they only discover that they also have trichomoniasis infection when their partner develops symptoms and needs to be treated.

  • Urethral irritation
  • Men and women may experience itching or irritation in the urethra. Some men describe this feeling as a burning sensation inside of their penis. It may also feel as if something is inside of the penis although there are no other signs of obstruction present.

  • Dysuria
  • People infected with the parasite may experience dysuria which is a burning sensation when urinating. Dysuria is the most common symptom experienced by men who have been infected with Trichomonas vaginalis. It is often the only symptom experienced by men. This symptom may resolve spontaneously and then reoccur after a few months.

  • Discharge
  • Men may experience discharge from the urethral opening and woman may have discharge from the vagina or urethra. The discharge usually has a thin consistency, a foul-smelling odour and can vary in colour. The colour of the discharge with trichomonas infection may be clear, white, yellow or green. In women the discharge may become frothy and have a very strong odour.

  • Dyspareunia
  • Dyspareunia is when pain is experienced during normal sexual intercourse. This may be a symptom of trichomoniasis. This symptom is more common in women. Some men might report pain with ejaculation.

  • Genital inflammation
  • Inflammation of the genitals mostly occurs in women who are infected with trichomoniasis. This may vary from mild to severe. This symptom is also more common in women and may present as a painful, red, swollen rash of the genital area.