Mycoplasmosis

mycoplasma-genitalium-bacteria

Mycoplasma genitalium bacteria

Mycoplasma genitalium is a bacterium which causes various types of ailments in humans. It is a small, parasitic-type of bacterium which is a sexually transmitted disease. Mycoplasma genitalium is one of the lesser known sexually transmitted diseases but it is also very common. This bacterium generally infects the mucous membranes of the genital tract and occasionally the respiratory tracts. The most common mucous membranes infected are those of the urethra, cervix and anus.

The mycoplasma bacterium is transmitted from one infected person to another person through vaginal, anal or oral sexual intercourse. It can also be contracted by sharing sex toys used by someone who is infected with the bacterium. Most people do not have any symptoms. If symptoms do develop they generally develop within a few weeks of contracting the infection. People who do not have any symptoms can still transmit the disease to other people.

Mycoplasma genitalium is the smallest known free-living bacterium. This causes some challenges in identifying the bacterium during diagnosis. There are still many studies being done on this bacterium to determine its exact effect on humans. Mycoplasma genitalium is present in all social classes and is not restricted to the poorer social-economic classes.

The prevalence of Mycoplasma Genitalium is about the same as the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis according to recent studies. It is estimated that the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium is about 7,3% in the general sexually active population. The incidence and prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium seems to be on the rise. The risk factors for the development of Mycoplasma genitalium is similar to the risk factors involved in any other sexually transmitted disease; namely multiple sexual partners, not using condoms and the presence of HIV infection.

Because Mycoplasmosis genitalium is still an emerging infection, not many people are aware of the infection and therefor they are not routinely tested for Mycoplasmosis genitalium. It is important for the general population as well as healthcare workers to be made more aware of this bacterium so that it can be tested for and treated.